Pamuk, Shafak, and Istanbul, city of dreams and nightmares -- excerpt below from the Guardian article. Developed by the Greeks, capital of the Holy Roman Empire, capital of the Byzantine Empire, conquered by the Ottomans, and now a metropolis extending from Europe to Asia, Istanbul is a fascinating place. If you're interested, this is also a lovely article on "a city that is constantly breaking and reinventing itself."
"Istanbul is the name of a city and the name of an illusion. In reality, there is no such thing as Istanbul. There are only Istanbuls – competing, clashing and somehow coexisting within the same congested space. That is one of the themes I want to talk about with Orhan Pamuk, the winner of the Nobel prize for literature. The loss of plurality and nuance. The increasing dominance of an ideology of sameness throughout our motherland."